The Okavango River start in the highlands of Angola, and from here flow in a south-eastern direction towards Namibia. In Angola, the river is known as the Cabangu, and on the
Namibian side, the Kavango. In Botswana it is called the Okavango.
The Okavango River is an slow flowing river, and even when in flood, it rise slowly. During the summer rains on the
Angolan highlands, the river start to build-up volume and various other rivers flowing into it, made it go into flood. It take six months for the highland water to reach the Okavango Delta. So, in winter the Delta start to rise, and floods the Delta-floodplains.
Without the Okavango river and her famous delta, Botswana would not had the spectacular wildlife and wilderness areas. The Okavango Delta is the centre point of Botswana's wildlife and birdlife tourism industry.
The Savuti, Moremi and
Chobe regions are all connected to the Delta in one way or another, not only as tourist destinations, but as migration routes for wildlife and birdlife.
Thousands of various birdlife and wildlife species make the Delta a prime wildlife experience area, where elephant, hippo, buffalo, lion, and most other game (including eland, kudu, roan antelope, and if you're lucky even leopard) can be seen in abundance.
Bird life (both in the delta and dry-land sections) is excellent especially along the Khwai River region. During the dry season a congregation of all species, (bird and wildlife), along permanent rivers and water holes makes the Moremi Game Reserve region one of the most unforgettable wildlife experiences in Africa!
The Moremi Game Reserve is administered today by the Department of Wildlife and National Parks of
Botswana; it is a rich and fascinating diverse ecological area. The Moremi Game Reserve forms an intricate part of the Okavango Delta, comprising permanently swamped areas, seasonally swamped areas, and dry land such as the Savuti reserve section.
Located on the northeast side of the Okavango Delta, the Moremi section is probably the most famous tourist destination in Botswana, due to the fact that it encompasses several different types of ecological zones. The total surface area of this reserve is 4 871 square kilometres. This is almost one-third of the Okavango Delta, and form an important migration route for thousands of antelope and elephant.
The best time for game viewing in the Okavango Delta is during the period between May and October period, as the animals gather along the flooded areas, as the surrounding grazing areas has dried out, and wildlife food sources are less.
The most impressive month is August, when the champagne-coloured water is at its deepest.
The best time for birding and vegetation is during the rainy season, when most of the young are born. This is the time for a safari in the Okavango Delta is between November and April, as the migrant bird populations are returning, and the vegetation is lush and green.